Properties of Solvents - Sortable

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# Solvents Formula bp (1) mp (1) density (2)

water

solubility

(3)

relative

polarity

(4)

dipole

moment (5)

dielectric

constant.

viscosity (6)
1
acetic acid C2H4O2 118 16.6 1.049 M 0.648 1.68 6.2 1.12
2
acetone C3H6O 56.2 -94.3 0.786 M 0.355 2.85 21 0.30
3
acetonitrile C2H3N 81.6 -46 0.786 M 0.460 3.5 37.5 0.34
4
acetyl acetone C5H8O2 140.4 -23 0.975 16 0.571 3.0 23  
5
2-aminoethanol C2H7NO 170.9 10.5 1.018 M 0.651 2.4 37.7 20.8
6
aniline C6H7N 184.4 -6.0 1.022 3.4 0.420 1.6 6.8 3.8
7
anisole
C7H8O
153.7
-37.5
0.996
0.10
0.198
1.4
4.3
8
benzene
C6H6
80.1
5.1
0.879
0.18
0.111
0
2.3
0.60
9
benzonitrile
C7H5N
205
-13
0.996
0.2
0.333
4.1
26
1.27
10
benzyl alcohol
C7H8O
205.4
-15.3
1.042
3.5
0.608
1.7
13
5.47
11
1-butanol
C4H10O
117.6
-89.5
0.81
7.7
0.586
1.7
17.5
2.59
12
2-butanol
C4H10O
99.5
-114.7
0.808
18.1
0.506
1.7
17.3
3.1
13
iso-butanol
C4H10O
107.9
-108.2
0.803
8.5
0.552
1.8
17.9
6.68
14
2-butanone
C4H8O
79.6
-86.3
0.805
25.6
0.327
2.8
18.6
0.41
15
t-butyl alcohol
C4H10O
82.2
25.5
0.786
M
0.389
1.7
12.4
3.35
16
carbon disulfde
CS2
46.3
-111.6
1.263
0.2
0.065
0
2.6
0.36
17
carbon tetrachloride
CCl4
76.7
-22.4
1.594
0.08
0.052
0
2.3
0.90
18
chlorobenzene
C6H5Cl
132
-45.6
1.106
0.05
0.188
1.54
5.7
0.75
19
chloroform
CHCl3
61.2
-63.5
1.498
0.8
0.259
1.0
4.8
0.54
20
cyclohexane
C6H12
80.7
-16.4
0.779
0.005
0.006
0
2
0.89
21
cyclohexanol
C6H12O
161.1
25.2
0.962
4.2
0.509
1.9
15
22
cyclohexanone
C6H10O
155.6
-16.4
0.948
2.3
0.281
2.9
15
2.00
23
di-n-butylphthalate
C16H22O4
340
-35
1.049
0.0011
0.272
16.6
24
1,1-dichloroethane
C2H4Cl2
57.3
-97
1.176
0.5
0.269
1.8
10
25
1,2-dichloroethane
C2H4Cl2
83.5
-35.4
1.235
0.87
0.327
1.8
10.4
0.78
26
diethylamine
C4H11N
56.3
-48
0.706
M
0.145
1.2
3.8
0.32
27
diethylene glycol
C4H10O3
245
-10
1.118
M
0.713
2.3
31.8
30.2
28
diglyme
C6H14O3
162
-64
0.945
M
0.244
1.9
7.23
1.88
29

dimethoxyethane

C4H10O2
85
-58
0.868
M
0.231
1.7
7.3
1.1
30
N,N-dimethylaniline
C8H11N
194.2
2,4
0.956
0.14
0.179
   
31
dimethylformamide
C3H7NO
153
-61
0.944
M
0.386
3.8
37
0.80
32
dimethylphthalate
C10H10O4
283.8
1
1.190
0.43
0.309
   
33
dimethyl sulfoxide
C2H6OS
189
18.4
1.092
M
0.444
3.9
46.7
2.00
34
dioxane
C4H8O2
101.1
11.8
1.033
M
0.164
0.4
2
1.18
35
ethanol
C2H6O
78.5
-114.1
0.789
M
0.654
1.7
24
1.08
36
ether
C4H10O
34.6
-116.3
0.713
7.5
0.117
1.25
4.3
0.22
37
ethyl acetate
C4H8O2
77
-83.6
0.894
8.7
0.228
1.78
6.0
0.43
38
ethyl acetoacetate
C6H10O3
180.4
-80
1.028
2.9
0.577
39
ethyl benzoate
C9H10O2
213
-34.6
1.047
0.07
0.228
2.0
6.0
40
ehylene glycol
C2H6O2
197
-13
1.115
M
0.790
2.3
37.7
16.1
41
glycerin
C3H8O3
290
17.8
1.261
M
0.812
2.7
42.5
934
42
heptane
C7H16
98
-90.6
0.684
0.0003
0.012
0
1.9
0.39
43
1-heptanol
C7H16O
176.4
-35
0.819
0.17
0.549
1.7
12
6.0
44
hexane
C6H14
69
-95
0.655
0.0014
0.009
0
1.9
0.29
45
1-hexanol
C6H14O
158
-46.7
0.814
0.59
0.559
0.59
46
methanol
CH4O
64.6
-98
0.791
M
0.762
1.6
33
0.54
47
methyl acetate
C3H6O2
56.9
-98.1
0.933
24.4
0.253
1.7
6.68
0.36
48
methyl t-butyl ether
C5H12O
55.2
-109
0.741
4.8
0.124
1.4
2.6
0.36
49
methylene chloride
CH2Cl2
39.8
-96.7
1.326
1.32
0.309
1.6
9.0
0.42
50
1-octanol
C8H18O
194.4
-15
0.827
0.096
0.537
1.7
10.3
7.4
51
pentane
C5H12
36.1
-129.7
0.626
0.004
0.009
0
1.84
0.23
52
1-pentanol
C5H12O
138.0
-78.2
0.814
2.2
0.568
5.7
14
3.5
53
2-pentanol
C5H12O
119.0
-50
0.810
4.5
0.488
1.7
13.7
3.5
54
3-pentanol
C5H12O
115.3
-8
0.821
5.1
0.463
1.7
13.3
55
2-pentanone
C5H10O
102.3
-76.9
0.809
4.3
0.321
2.7
15.4
0.50
56
3-pentanone
C5H10O
101.7
-39.8
0.814
3.4
0.265
2.8
17.0
57
1-propanol
C3H8O
97
-126
0.803
M
0.617
1.68
22
1.95
58
2-propanol
C3H8O
82.4
-88.5
0.785
M
0.546
1.66
19
2.07
59
pyridine
C5H5N
115.5
-42
0.982
M
0.302
2.2
13
0.88
60
tetrahydrofuran
C4H8O
66
-108.4
0.886
30 or M (7)
0.207
1.63
7,5
0.46
61
toluene
C7H8
110.6
-93
0.867
0.05
0.099
0.36
2.4
0.55
62
water
H2O
100.00
0.00
0.998
M
1.000
1.85
80.1
0.89
63
water, heavy
D2O
101.3
4
1.107
M
0.991
1.84
787.3
1.10
64
p-xylene
C8H10
138.3
13.3
0.861
0.02
0.074
0
2.27
0.65
1    degrees Celskus
2    g/mL = g/cc
3    M = miscible, g/100g
4    The values for relative polarity are normalized from measurements of solvent shifts of absorption spectra and were
      extracted from Christian Reichardt, Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Publishers, 3rd ed., 2003
5    (D)
6    1/1000 Pa s.
7
   https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/tetrahydrofuran#section=Solubility


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