PERIODIC TABLES

    Site developed by Steve Murov, Professor Emeritus of Chemistry, Modesto Junior College,   http://murov.info/resume.htm       murovs@yosemite.edu

Some of the other Murov sites:  http://murov.info/ 
Chemistry Directory: http://murov.info/webercises.htm
Organic Chemistry Directory: http://murov.info/orgchemres.htm
Organic Solvent Properties and Property Directory: http://murov.info/orgsolvents.htm  
Properties of Organic Compounds: 
http://murov.info/orgcmpds.htm

                                                                                 Contents

Image result for mendeleev periodic table  
A.  Periodic Tables by Murov
B.  Websites Related to the Periodic Table by Murov
C.  Directories of Periodic Tables
D.  Periodic Tables with Properties, Graphing and/or Ranking Capability
E.  Periodic Tables with Properties
F.  Interactive or Animated Periodic Tables
G.  Periodic Table Trends
H.  Images of the Elements
J.  Mendeleev and the History of the Periodic Table
K.  Emission Spectra and Electron Structure of the Elements
L.  Isotopes
M.  Chemogenesis (chemical reactivity from the periodic table)
N.  Compilation of Elemental Properties
O.  Toxicities of the Elements
P.  Sources, Uses, Functions and Mineralogy of Elements
Q.  Native Elements
R.  Extended Periodic Table
S.  Periodic Table Printmaking Projects
T.  Periodic Table of Comic Books, emojis and Haiku, books, Disney characters
U.  The Element Song
V.  Periodic Table Templates
W.  Periodic Table Videos
X  Origin of the Names of the Elements
Y.  Prices of the Elements
Z.  Questions about the Periodic Table
 
     Dimitri Mendeleev       

A.  Periodic Tables by Murov

Traditional http://murov.info/pertab-trad.pdf 
Periodic table with Element Colors http://murov.info/periodictabcol.htm

http://murov.info/pertabcol1.pdf

http://murov.info/pertabcol2.pdf
Aufbau Periodic Table http://murov.info/aufbaupt.htm
Native (elemental form) http://murov.info/pertab-eleform.pdf 
Toxicity of the elements http://murov.info/pertab-tox.pdf 
Vertical http://murov.info/pertab-vert.pdf 
Date and Country of Discovery http://murov.info/pertab-country.pdf 
Formulas of Cmpds. with H and Cl http://murov.info/pertab-cmpd.pdf 
Colored and color coded periodic tables with information on ions, metals vs non-metal. http://murov.info/pertabtrends.htm
 
http://murov.info/pertabtrends.pptx  

B.  Websites Related to Periodic Table by Murov

http://murov.info/periodictable.pptx    PowerPoint presentation for use during talk on the development of the periodic table
http://murov.info/pertabtrends.htm
http://murov.info/timelines.htm
http://murov.info/organicmilestones.htm
http://murov.info/elementquiz.ppt
http://murov.info/rxnmaponline.pdf 

C. Directories of Periodic Tables

https://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php?Button=All
https://digital.sciencehistory.org/collections/6w924c45h

http://murov.info/periodictables.htm
http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php
http://www.martindalecenter.com/Reference_3_PerTables.html 
http://www.thecatalyst.org/m03ptabl.html 
http://chemistry.about.com/od/periodictableelements/
https://www.alansfactoryoutlet.com/metals-nonmetals-and-metalloids-a-guide-to-the-periodic-table
http://www.eperiodictable.com/periodic-table-directory.htm

D. Periodic Tables with Properties, Graphing and/or Ranking Capability

WebElements - http://www.webelements.com/     https://www.webelements.com/periodicity/atomic_radius/
T. Gray - https://periodictable.com/Properties/A/CrustAbundance.html
http://www.docbrown.info/page07/ASA2eledata96.htm
http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Core/Inorganic_Chemistry/Descriptive_Chemistry/Periodic_Trends_of_Elemental_Properties/Periodic_Trends
https://www.angelo.edu/faculty/kboudrea/periodic/periodic_0.htm
http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/periodic/

http://chemistrybatz.weebly.com/6-periodic-table.html
https://www.texasgateway.org/resource/periodic-table-trends
https://kaiserscience.wordpress.com/chemistry/the-periodic-table/5805-2/
https://dashboard.dublinschools.net/lessons/?id=6038ecbe93fd7fe895a7988839372436&v=1
https://flipped4science.blogspot.com/2014_10_01_archive.html
https://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/principles-of-general-chemistry-v1.0/s11-the-periodic-table-and-periodi.html

https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/General_Chemistry/Map:_General_Chemistry_(Petrucci_et_al.)/09:_The_Periodic_Table_and_Some_Atomic_Properties

E. Properties (Periodic Tables containing)

https://bigbangcircle.com/ (new website that requires free registration especially for m.p. and b.p. values of the elements)

http://www.knowledgedoor.com/
http://blogs.nature.com/thescepticalchymist/2012/09/in-your-element-round-up.html 
http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/ 
http://www.chemicool.com/
http://www.chemicalelements.com/
http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/periodic-chart.htm
http://www.webqc.org/periodictable.php
http://chemglobe.org/ptoe/index.php
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/80th/elements.html
http://www.elementsdatabase.com/  
http://chemistry.about.com/od/periodictable/fl/Clickable-Periodic-Table-of-the-Elements.htm
http://murov.info/periodictabcol.htm
http://murov.info/pertabtrends.htm
https://www.periodni.com/
https://periodic-table.tech/en.php
https://www.webqc.org/periodictable.php#google_vignette
https://ptable.com/#Properties

electron configurations - http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/intro2.htm 
x-ray - http://www.csrri.iit.edu/periodic-table.html 

F. Interactive and/or Animated Periodic Tables

http://www.ptable.com/ 
http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/
http://www.syngentaperiodictable.co.uk/
https://www.fishersci.com/us/en/periodic-table.html

https://elements.wlonk.com/ElementsTable.htm
https://inl.gov/periodic-table/
https://ed.ted.com/periodic-videos

G. Periodic Table Trends

https://periodictable.com/Properties/A/CrustAbundance.html        
http://murov.info/pertabtrends.htm   
http://murov.info/pertabtrends.pptx  

H. Images of Elements

http://periodictable.com/ 
http://www.theodoregray.com/PeriodicTable/ 
http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/periodic-chart.htm
https://images-of-elements.com/

I. About the Periodic Table

http://periodic.lanl.gov/about.shtml
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodic_table
https://www.instructables.com/id/Understanding-the-Periodic-Table-of-Elements/

J. Mendeleev and the History of the Periodic Table

http://murov.info/timelines.htm
http://www.chem.unt.edu/~jimm/REDISCOVERY%207-09-2018/
http://www.aip.org/history/curie/periodic.htm 
http://web.lemoyne.edu/~giunta/EA/MENDELEEVann.HTML 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_periodic_table  
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodic_table  
https://edu.rsc.org/resources/iypt-activities-history-of-the-periodic-table/4010306.article

http://www.chem.unt.edu/~jimm/REDISCOVERY%207-09-2018/
http://murov.info/timelines.htm
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-evolution-of-the-periodic-system/
https://courses.lumenlearning.com/trident-boundless-chemistry/chapter/the-history-of-the-periodic-table/
https://edoc.hu-berlin.de/bitstream/handle/18452/22129/BockvW._The_periodic_tableau-1.pdf
http://www.chem.unt.edu/~jimm/REDISCOVERY%207-09-2018/

K. Emission Spectra of Elements and Electron Structure

http://chemistry.bd.psu.edu/jircitano/periodic4.html 
http://jersey.uoregon.edu/vlab/elements/Elements.html 

L. Isotopes

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Isotope+table+(complete)
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Isotope+table+(divided
http://atom.kaeri.re.kr/nuchart/
http://www.ciaaw.org/pubs/Periodic_Table_Isotopes.pdf 
http://www.ptable.com/ 

M. Chemogenesis (chemical reactivity from the periodic table)

http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook.html 

N. Compilation of Elemental Properties and Abundances

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abundance_of_the_chemical_elements
http://www.astronoo.com/en/articles/abundance-of-the-elements.html
https://periodictable.com/Properties/A/UniverseAbundance.html

O. Toxicities of Elements

http://murov.info/pertab-tox.pdf
http://www.danasview.net/metals.htm 
http://www.vitaletherapeutics.org/vtlmntox.htm 

http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Elements-Toxic/Elements.htm
https://www.reddit.com/r/dataisbeautiful/comments/eztrep/toxic_trends_on_the_periodic_table_oc/
https://scientificgems.wordpress.com/tag/heavy-metals/

P.  Sources, Uses, Functions and Mineralogy of Elements

http://www.corrosionsource.com/FreeContent/1/Periodic%20Table 

Q. Native Elements

http://murov.info/pertab-eleform.pdf
http://www.britannica.com/science/native-element
http://www.galleries.com/Elements 
http://ruby.colorado.edu/~smyth/G3010/14Natives.pdf 

R. Extended Periodic Table

http://jeries.rihani.com/ 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extended_periodic_table

S. Periodic Table Printmaking Projects

http://periodictableprints.com/table/ 
https://uwaterloo.ca/chemistry/international-year-chemistry/periodic-table-project
http://kcd-elements.tumblr.com/  

T. Periodic Table of Comic Books, emojis and Haiku, books, Disney characters

http://www.uky.edu/Projects/Chemcomics/
http://www.newshub.co.nz/home/new-zealand/2017/07/science-nerds-stare-in-awe-at-the-periodic-table-in-emojis.html
http://vis.sciencemag.org/chemhaiku/
https://www.getnickt.org/pt-books
https://kitchapman.co.uk/a-disney-periodic-table/

U. The Element Song by Tom Lehrer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmwlzwGMMwc&feature=related
http://www.privatehand.com/flash/elements.html 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFIvXVMbII0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DYW50F42ss8  
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VgVQKCcfwnU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qo1GBS0-Zv8

V.  Periodic Table Templates

http://sciencenotes.org/printable-periodic-table/
http://science.widener.edu/~svanbram/ptable.html 

http://exceltemplates.net/academic/blank-periodic-table/

W. Periodic Table Videos

http://periodicvideos.com/
https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/video

X.  Origin of the Names of the Elements

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_chemical_element_name_etymologies
http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/
https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/how-the-elements-got-their-names
https://www.angelo.edu/faculty/kboudrea/periodic/hist_names.htm
https://racichemedcentral.com.au/ancq/ancq-chemical-resources/origin-of-the-names-of-chemical-elements
http://www2.ucdsb.on.ca/tiss/stretton/database/element_origins.html
Peter Wothers, How the Elements are Named: 
            Antimony, Gold, Jupiter's Wolf, see
https://www.amazon.com/Antimony-Gold-Jupiters-Wolf-elements/dp/0199652724

Y.  Prices of the Elements

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prices_of_chemical_elements
http://www.leonland.de/elements_by_price/en/list
https://www.compoundchem.com/2019advent/day23/  periodic table with element prices
https://davidson.weizmann.ac.il/en/online/orderoutofchaos/periodic-table’s-precious-metals

Z.  Questions about the Periodic Tables

1. Suggest reasons for the predominance of the horizontal periodic table model over the vertical model but also suggest some advantages of the vertical model.

2. Which elements are sometimes referred to as the noble metals and why are they called noble metals? Is there any relationship of this terminology to the use of these metals in jewelry?

3. Of the elements with LD50 values for rodents reported, list the five most toxic. Does there appear to be any periodicity to toxicity? Explain your answer. (Note: a possibly relevant reference is: http://www.vitaletherapeutics.org/vtlmntox.htm

4. Which of the native elements occur in nature in uncombined form (not as diatomics or bonded to themselves)? Is there a difference between the definition of an element and an elementary substance? (Note: a possibly relevant reference is Myers, R.J. J. Chem. Educ., 2012, 89, pp. 832-833.

 




Some periodic table questions and unresolved issues.

1.  There are at least four commonly used versions of the periodic table:  the long, the medium-long, the left step and the pyramidal.  While some experts have preferences for one or another, each has strengths and weaknesses.  Which one do you prefer and why?

medium-long and long (not up-to-date with names)
https://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php?PT_id=371 (medium long and long but not up-to-date with names)

long form
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Periodic_table_large-long.svg

https://kaiserscience.wordpress.com/chemistry/the-periodic-table/alternative-periodic-tables/

medium-long form
https://iupac.org/what-we-do/periodic-table-of-elements/
https://www.webelements.com/
http://murov.info/pertab-trad.pdf

left step
https://jeries.rihani.com/symmetry/index6c.html

pyramidal version (not up-to-date with names)
https://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook/35_pt/pt_database.php?PT_id=19

2.  The positions of some elements in periodic tables are still disputed. 
a.  Does hydrogen belong in the alkali metals group or the halogen group or neither?

b.  There are some claims that second period elements have properties inconsistent with the remaining members of their groups.  Explain this statement.

c.  Some medium-long periodic tables have lanthanum part of the “f” group of elements (split out from the periodic table), others have lutetium as a member of the 14 elements and still others include 15 elements in the “f” group .  What is the best placement of these two elements?  Part of the issue is the priority of chemical properties versus electronic structure.  If electronic structure is taken as the determining criteria, are there other elements that are misplaced in the periodic table?
d.  Does helium belong in Group 18 or Group 2?

3.  The IUPC numbers the groups from 1 through 18 but American periodic tables often have A and B group elements with the numbers running from 1A through 8A and 1B through 8B.  State the advantages and disadvantages of each and your preference (for a table with both, see tables above or http://murov.info/pertab-trad.pdf

4.  Is the periodic table universal or could there be differences on another planet?  For example, consider the universality of atomic masses.

5.  Does the periodic table contain any isotope information?  Consider use of the atomic mass as a source of isotope information (See:  S. Murov, Chem 13 News, March, 2010.  “Promoting Insight:  Atomic Mass”.

6.  The periodic tables above attempt to illustrate the approximate colors of the elements.  The orange staircase in the two periodic tables is commonly included in many periodic tables to very qualitatively separate the metals and the non-metals.  Do the colors of the elements also help to distinguish metals from non-metals and, if so, does this method correlate with the staircase model?  Which method do you think has more merit?  (Note:  It is often suggested that the elements adjacent to the staircase are metalloids, semiconductors and/or semimetals.  The consensus is that boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, antimony and tellurium are metalloids with a few others in the questionable category.  For a discussion of criteria used to characaterize metalloid properties, please see:  https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/ed3008457

7.  Calculations indicate that stability of nuclei depend on the neutron to proton ratio and predict an island of stability above atomic number 110.  Is it possible that there are some "longer lived isotopes" with atomic number above 110?  (e.g., see:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Island_of_stability_beyond_11 )

8.  What is the probability that elements with atomic number greater than 118 will ever be synthesized?
    (e.g., see:  https://www.chemistryworld.com/news/beyond-element-118-the-next-row-of-the-periodic-table/9400.article )

9.  In some cases, discoveries have been made virtually simultaneously by different people in different countries (e.g., 1772, 1963).  Is this just a coincidence or are other factors in play here?  


     

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